a little bit more about that colonial racism and Kampala…just a little bit


Benard Acema* whipped up quite the storm this week with his post The Racism Behind Kampala; most of the responses being the “What? How Could I Not Have Seen This Before?!” kind that satisfied the mind of a person who yearns for social change out of consciousness.

Some of the responses, though, ranged from those stating there could NOT have been racism in Uganda to others who claimed to have read all six thousand (6,000) words and taken away just one sentence in summary.

My favourite response came from Frank Morris Matovu, an Architect whose reaction was to calmly upload onto his Facebook wall more than ninety (90) pages of a 1955 book titled, ‘Town Planning In Uganda; A Brief Description Of The Efforts Made By Government To Control Development Of Urban Areas From 1915 to 1955‘, by Henry Kendall OBE, F.R.I.B.A., M.T.P.I, Director of Town Planning, Uganda.

Benard Acema’s intellectual and literary effort has proved̀ invaluable in many respects, including possibly causing a change to our education curriculum if the noises made by some of the people in charge are anything to go by.

Benard Acema tells me he had not read Kendall’s book by the time he wrote his thesis.

define-thesis

Those with literal minds and short fuses should go with the first dictionary definition of the word above, when dealing with Benard Acema’s work. The young man did what few others essay (no pun), linking his observations to thought and realisation and a little bit of research and then leading the rest of us to discovery.

Benard Acema’s thesis will be further dissected, proven or contested by various others in the worlds of social media, academia and even public administration, all of which will exclude me for now.

I only came here to share a few pages from Kendall’s book to aid your reading of Benard Acema, and to tell you to get a soft copy of the same directly from Frank Matovu. (He does not sell the book, but to aid his work compiling and storing such works, please feel free to make a modest contribution by way of Mobile Money to his number – 0758 483 934.)

But before you read the book, don’t be afraid of words like racism, colonialism and imperialism. Acknowledge the fact that they were a reality back then when the colonialists first took over Uganda. Nothing about that should be surprising. What we need to do, as many of the commenters said, is get rid of those ‘isms’ and their negative impacts where they may exist which includes dealing with both the big and the small items. 
define-racism

define-colonialism define-imperialism

Do all three ‘isms’ still exist in Kampala, or Uganda? Benard Acema had valid points to make in that regard, that led to all that debate.

And now, on to the historical facts about settlement in Kampala (and other urban centres), and the question of racism or otherwise:

the-development-of-kampala

Of course there was land reserved for Africans and other land for non-Africans.

the-development-of-kampala-kibuga

the-development-of-kampala-ii

🙂

the-development-of-kampala-iii

Read that one again, please?

And then take these:

the-development-of-kampala-iv

the-development-of-kampala-v

the-development-of-kampala-vi

Mind you, the mere mention of race might not necessarily prove that there was racism afoot, but again that was the reality of those times, as stated later on in the book from the actual Minutes of a meeting of the Central Town Planning Board:

the-principal-of-racial-segregation racial-segregation-again

Naguru, for instance, was reserved for Africans:

the-development-of-kampala-vii

And even if race was not the only consideration there was a way, for a while, of working the formulae out that kept zones racially distinct using economics – since certain professions or trades seemed to be restricted (I said ‘for a while’) to particular races. The restriction of construction styles in some residential areas meant that if you couldn’t afford to build a certain type of house you couldn’t live in a certain neighbourhood…

the-development-of-kampala-viii This planning was neither restricted to Kampala alone, nor Uganda as a country.

In Jinja:

jinja-residential-areas

45

And, again, economic reasons were part of the equation:

50

The same applied elsewhere, in many different ways, but as thousands of Ugandans have declared this week: It WASN’T OBVIOUS!

Which is why I still applaud for Benard Acema, because he tells me the thought occurred to him and kept niggling till he had put his thoughts down in writing – and they appear to be quite accurate. THIS is the stuff that academic study and problem solving is made of. The man clearly did not waste his education, and my hope is that he will continue with it at the same pace while the rest of us play catch up or raise younger children to be like him.

In the time being, all history, social studies and political science teachers, please make some small changes to your teaching texts?

*Benard Acema – Note that I use his name in full so as to ensure it is never forgotten, such that we all strive to educate our children to these heights so they are known for good work such as this.

your restaurant, hotel or feature review is the future of Uganda’s tourism industry – go out and do one today


THIS Easter weekend we are all taking off another holiday and will mostly be spending our time at leisure in different ways but with one common thread – there will be celebration accompanied by food.
That food will be consumed either at home or in restaurants and hotels, and this is where we should pause for a minute before taking another bite.
I write and talk a lot about tourism for a number of reasons, one of which is the benefits to the entire country that arise out of tourism if we all understand it as a revenue earner and do it right that way.
The tourism sectors of all serious countries around the world are given top priority for economic growth because they involve a wide range of sectors that benefit very many segments of people – from the farmers that grow the food that gets served in those hotels and restaurants, to the people who work there, and those that own them.
Last year I embarked on a mini-project of my own after realising there was a shortfall that I could help fill, and now must share this so that more people out there join in. A while back during an official visit to a strange country I found myself without dinner plans on one evening and needed to do some research to establish where to go.
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I got to tripadvisor.com, which I had used to make my travel arrangements, and the options were overwhelming but I was glad to have so many to choose from and whet my appetite at the same time.
At the start of last year I found myself in the same position in upcountry Uganda and went straight to the trusted tripadvisor.com only to find that the town I was in did not even exist! I was nonplussed especially when I drove out of my hotel and found there were many options in that town I could have browsed through from the comfort of my hotel room.
That website, tripadvisor.com, receives 350million unique visitors a month – ten times the population of Uganda.
Surprisingly, in that town even the large establishments with names that appeared to be international in nature did not exist on tripadvisor.com!
tripadvisor.com Restaurant Expert BadgeSo I began doing reviews of my own, which I found were just a drop in the ocean since there are 320million other reviews on that site.
Why?
Because the travel industry operates on word of mouth and tools like tripadvisor.com have enabled that word of mouth to travel like wildfire. Word of mouth, in the tourism sector, is valuable because it originates from ordinary people who are believed to be authentic, objective and impartial.
Many of the reviews tell the truth about the locations, so that if they are lousy the establishments themselves get to know and must fix their issues.
In fact, many of these hotels and restaurants get online because they have to respond to negative criticism – and then they find that they have to build their profiles and then they begin marketing themselves more seriously.tripadvisor.com Senior Contributor Badge
Ladies and gentlemen, THIS is exactly what the internet is for – for us to create and upload content to improve our lives and our environment, not just for us to download other people’s content so we admire their lives and their environment.
So last year I kicked off on this mini-project of reviewing as many eateries as possible and set myself a target that I am yet to achieve. I will not review the large hotels and restaurants alone, because they have large marketing departments and people to speak up for them in many big ways. I will, however, focus on the smaller establishments so that they get visibility on the global stage.
tripadvisor.com Attraction Expert BadgeAnd that is what you guys need to join in on – this weekend as you go about enjoying Easter, do a review of every restaurant or hotel that you visit, and upload it to tripadvisor.com. Nothing complicated – just rate the place, the service, the food and the price (by clicking on the stars or radio buttons online), and then write two or three sentences in whatever language you want. Reviews are not restricted to the big-time places only – if you are going to lunch at your favourite Rolex stand or Mulokony joint today, or if lunch is at the pork joint in your village (envy demon, get thee behind me!) you can still review those places and put them on the map as well.
The difference that will make to our tourism efforts will be massive – I know because with my feeble efforts I am now a highly-rated online reviewer and I get asked many questions by people wishing to visit Uganda, the answers to which I hope help them make the decision to actually visit!tripadvisor.com Readership Badge
If you are scared of tripadvisor.com, go to Google Maps and become a local guide – which works the very same way. Click on the name of an establishment, type out what you think about it, and submit.
tripadvisor.com Senior Photographer BadgeYOU might be the reason a couple of tourists choose to visit Uganda one day months from now, spending the money that the government will use to equip a hospital where your father might require life-saving surgery.
Enjoy the experience – and Happy Easter!
tripadvisor.com Helpful Reviewer Badge